Innovation and Evolution of The Ring Tone

In the past, cell phones used to have ring tones which had just two ring options: an electronic thrill and a shrill. Days of boring tring tring are gone thanks to brilliance of Vesa-Matti Paananen.

Vesa-Matti Paananen is a Finnish computer programmer who was working with Nokia when the concept of ring tone struck him. Actually Vesa-Matti Paananen was working on “smart messaging” project when he suddenly realized that by using the same technology he can send other types of information and also code various songs. So Paananen went straight to work, and came up the brilliant program known as “harmonium”.

Although Harmonium is not that great compared to today’s standards, but it was that thing which set the foundation for the ring tone industry. It has now became a multi billion industry. It allowed users to a compose program in the musical sequence for their phones which they can easily forward to their friends for using as a ring tone.

Users of cell phones where no longer confined to the same songs that use to come with the units. Paananen could’ve easily became a billionaire, but Paananen generously made Harmonium a freeware on the net, which can be easily be downloaded from the Internet for free. Each and everyone could use this feature and everyone did, and the phone ring tones started to proliferate in the market.

The ringtones evolved in a phased manner. Ringtones were made by private individuals who just wanted to share their creations with the world as well. Others people collected the ring tones from various sources into one site. There were companies which took Harmonium as their basic structure for making a ring tone and then putting their engineers to work for developing the ring tone. These companies saw the potential in the software but wanted a richer and more realistic musical quality ring tones.

Leaps and jumps were possible in technology of ringtones because of company’s interest.

From the age of monophonic ring tones in harmonium, these companies developed polyphonic ringtones which played various notes at a time. The latest version or format of ring tones is music ringtones which are also known as true tone.

The true tones are completely similar to the songs which are played on the radio or CD player, because of simple fact that these are recorded in a studio. The development of ring tones would not have been possible without the development of cell phones. Firstly handsets used to be were large in size and used to have very little memory. People in modern era have become techno savvy. Teenagers are very much fascinated by new innovation in the field of technology.

At present there are many sites which provide ringtones and allow contributing one’s own creations on the website. Basically the people who make these tones are neither big engineers nor computer geeks these are just normal people who love music and creativity.

All this was started with a big idea of a brilliant engineer Vesa-Matti Paananen who had a very big heart.

Information Technology (IT) – An Overview

This present era is an era of information technology. This article is dealing with development of information technology in different facet of our life”

INTRODUCTION

In today’s world (IT) is all pervasive, everywhere, and in every facet of our day to day life. Prominently service sector involving railway, airlines, scientific and businesses establishments, banks, universities, schools, and most definitely in our homes. The phrase ‘information technology’ has many varying connotations in the same way as it has a wide spread presence. From the most mundane of things which a common person does to the most complex wizardry which only a techno savvy geek comprehends. Information technology can be seen and experienced in processes improving services to citizens and consumers (online transactions, bookings, university admissions, professional consultations, telecommunications, consumer products etc), increasing the productivity and efficiency of governments (computerization of government records, departments, e-cops), strengthening the legal and law enforcement systems (Judicial administration and Court Management) and in promoting the priority economic sectors (banking, agriculture, industry, marketing and the like), involving processes of manufacturing and production chain. Possibly the greatest impact Information technology has had is on blurring the time and geographical divide.

The penetration of the home computer or the personal computer phenomenon along with the Internet has increased the impact of information technology beyond our own imagination. Thus use of Internet has given the globe a shrinking effect. Every kind of information is only a few clicks away. In today’s world of competition -“information” is the key word to success. Availability of right information at the right time can make all the difference. Today relevant information outweighs the price of gold. The graphical user interface has simplified one of the most complex issues in the world. Indeed, the world is undergoing a second Industrial Revolution.

Information technology today touches every aspect of life, irrespective of location on the globe. Everyone’s daily activities are affected in form, content and time by the computer. Businesses, Governments and individuals all receive the benefits of this Information Revolution. While providing tangible benefits in time and money, the computer has also had an impact on everyday life, as computerized routines replace mundane human tasks. More and more of our businesses, industries, economies, hospitals and Governments are becoming dependent on computers. With the computer, the heretofore impossible has now become possible, The computer has allowed large volumes of data to be reduced to high-density, compact storage, nearly imperceptible to the human senses. It has allowed an exponential increase in speed, and even the most complex calculations can be completed in milliseconds. The miniaturization of processors has permitted worldwide connectivity and communication.

WHAT IS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY?

The broad subject concerned with all aspects of managing and processing information, especially within a large organization or company. Because computers are central to information management, computer departments within companies and universities are often called IT departments. Some companies refer to this department as IS (Information Services) or MIS (Management Information Services). The penguin dictionary of computers defines it as “a portmanteau phrase to cover all aspects of the art or science of processing data to produce information”. It includes computer software, hardware, programs, and databases, semiconductor chips that put together process and produce the output. Output can be expressed in human readable form (printouts) or in machine readable form (series of electronic pulses) which are further used to control a any other machine, tool or device. Information technology also includes networking of computers and databases exchanging and feeding information between one another.

Basic understanding of and about technology law warrants proper grasp and appreciation about technology itself. Inherently technology law, like any other emerging facts of law, is purely inter-disciplinary in nature. Hence, it is now proposed to explain and introduce some of essential and relevant aspects of information technology.

Importance of information technology

The importance of information technology cannot be ignored by banking and insurance sectors, except at the cost of elimination from the competition. This is so because the use of information technology produces certain advantages, which are not available when the traditional and conventional methods of doing business are used. The use of information technology generates the following advantages and benefits:

Ø easy handling of day to day affairs of an organization,

Ø speedy disposal of routine and daily works,

Ø assurance of authenticity, integrity and confidentiality in the functioning of the organization,

Ø cost economy,

Ø integration and interaction with the global institutions and organizations,

Ø better communication and presentation facilities,

Ø assurance of safety and sound security of the sensitive and valuable information, like trade secrets,

Ø instant transfer of data and information where the situation demands,

Ø it provides access to public documents which are digitalized by various department s of the Government,

Ø for making online payments of various bills and dues,

Ø to file statutory documents online , etc.

These benefits development of information technology can be claimed by all business ventures, including banking and insurance sectors, but apart from that its advantages are claimed by various other sectors which are discussed as follow :

1. Development to Banking business,

2. Development in Forensic Science and Police Wireless

3. Development in Railways

4. Development of IT in Agriculture

5. Role of Information Technology in Alternative Dispute Redressal & Judicial recognition

6. Development of IT in Health and Medicine

1) Development to Banking business

The benefits and advantages of information technology for the smooth and efficient functioning of the banking business cannot be disregarded and sidelined. This is more so when a bank proposes to deal in “Internet banking ” which is an important offshoot of information technology. Its proper and methodical use can bring the following advantages.

(A) Sound Payment System:

The usage of electronic means of funds movement and settlement is still in its stages of formative years. The various forms of electronic based payment, such as credit cards, Automated Teller Machines (ATMs), Stored Value cards, Shared Payment Network Service (SPNS) etc, are emerging at an incredible speed. Many banks have made initiatives aimed at electronic modes of funds movement. While this is a positive development, it needs to be ensured that such funds transfers are made in a high level of security so that no unauthorized usage occurs in the newer modes being implemented by banks. It is this area, which has been the focus of attention by the Reserve Bank – and the efforts have now resulted in the form of the Structured Financial Messaging Solution (SFMS).

The SFMS incorporates adequate security measures, including that of Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), with encryption software equivalent to some of the best security measure in the world. The use of the SFMS over the INFINET would automatically provide safe, secure and efficient funds transfers with the added benefit of the settlement of inter-bank funds transfers taking place in the books of account of banks, maintained with the Reserve Bank, thereby providing for finality of the settlement. Further, the message formats used in SFMS are very similar to those used by SWIFT, resulting in ease of usage by the banking community in the country. This secure messaging backbone can be used for a number of intra-bank applications also.

(B) Effective Currency Management

The impact of technology on the issuances of Bank Notes and Currency Management by Central bank is apparent. The technology offers us immense opportunities to significantly improve our performance of this core function. Given the high value and volume of currency in circulation, the vast geographic spread of currency operations, the largest distribution channel for the supply of currency, prevalent marked preference for cash and currency handling practices, currency management in India is a challenging and strenuous task. In 1999, the Reserve Bank of India announced a “Clean Note Policy” to bring about improvements of the quality of notes in circulation and technology has played an indispensable role in enabling the Bank to provide better quality notes to the general public. The information technology makes the task of currency management easy, effective, economical and speedier.

2) Development in Forensic Science and Police Wireless

The modernization and manpower development of Information Technology in the Central Forensic Science Laboratories and GEQDs, which were started in the Seventh Plan, has had an immense development . The research areas envisaged pertain DNA finger printing; cadaver entomology; immuno-assay techniques; classification of handwriting characteristics; instrumental techniques for examining writing materials; computerized image processing of firearms and ammunition; development of computerized system for superimposition; immuno diagnostic technique, hair identification, range and time of firing and explosive analysis, etc.

It is thus expected that rapidity and sophistication would be introduced by way of video- fit techniques, laser-tracing, holography, image processing, computer aided automatic finger print identification system and initiatives taken in new frontier areas like forensic psychology. Suitable structure and mechanism would be evolved for the formulation, implementation and monitoring of S&T schemes under the Forensic Science.

In the area of police wireless, the main thrust has been to achieve communication link from the national capital up to rural police station through State Headquarters, Range Headquarters, and District Headquarters. This is proposed to be achieved through the development of high speed message switch, micro processor based specifically designed computerized connectors, pocket radio system, micro earth station and secrecy devices and multi-access radio telephone.

3) Development in Railways

Indian Railways is one of the largest systems in the world. It is said that information technology (IT), which is being introduced into various fields, is a key to the development in the 21st century. Technology innovative provider of the In Rule(TM) business rules engine for automating application decision logic that involves rules, calculations and dynamic user interfaces, today announced the expansion of its partner network in response to the needs of its growing customer base. The development of information and technology shows that safety, efficiency and convenience have been improved in the areas of railway use, operations and maintenance.

This is followed by a section on a new train control system for high-density lines that uses methods for transmitting information to the train about the distance to the position at which the train must stop, which is necessary for train control. This system is realized through the advanced application of information technology. Until now, it has been impossible to realize efficient operations in high-density lines due to limitations of existing signal technology. Further information technology has been used for train operation, security and ticket booking/issuing systems, must more actively apply information technology to improve safety, comfort and convenience.

Therefore, we are committing research and development to prevent accidents and dramatically improve passenger services by utilizing information technology to the maximum extent, to the Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI). As a means to introduce information technology into various fields of transport service, we are promoting researches to construct a “Comprehensive Transport Information Providing System.” and will continue to implement the policies to utilize information technology.

4) Development of IT in Agriculture

Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy. It accounts for 27% of GDP, contributes 21% of total exports, and raw materials to several industries. About two third of Indian population depends on the agricultural sector for their means of livelihood. Therefore IT has a major role to play in all facets of Indian agriculture. In addition to facilitating farmers in improving the efficiency and productivity of agriculture and allied activities, the potential of IT lies in bringing about an overall qualitative improvement in life by providing timely and quality information inputs for decision making. The personnel who work for the welfare of Indian farmers, such as extension workers, do not have access to latest information which hinders their ability to serve the farming community effectively. In the context nonagricultural, the potential of IT can be assessed broadly under two heads:

a) as a tool for direct contribution to agricultural productivity

and

b) as an indirect tool for empowering farmers to take informed and quality decisions which will have positive impact on the way agriculture and allied activities are conducted.

5) Role of Information Technology in Alternative Dispute Redersal and Judicial Recognition

Information technology provides opportunities to facilitate communication and so assist in prevention and management of disputes. ADR services can use information technology to provide information to parties in case of disputes arise between the parties and also to complement and substitute for, traditional information system. Information technology can also play a valuable role in supporting the quality of ADR practice through more effective supervision, assessment, training, information management, research and evaluation.

Laptop Rental Makes Its Prominence As The Most Advantageous Gadget

The laptops have been deemed as the most advantageous gadget for the businesses that are predominantly on their transit, since they are completely portable, embedded with the most upgraded docking stations in them which could enable the business owner to execute multitude of program executions in their ways of conducting business.

The paramount limitation of the high configuration laptops

One of the limitation that most of the high configuration laptops in the recent times is that, when most of the users are specifically looking out for high configuration laptops which could house some of the attributable features in them to carry out the business at ease.

These high configuration laptops comes with high price range and comparatively more expensive than the conventional desktop computers. In this particular situation, the laptop rental becomes the viable option for the business owners to opt for these gadgets for their specific accomplishment.

The rental company have their own stake on laptop rentals

In the recent years, the rental companies have become the popular destinations and a one-stop solution for the many of the peripheral rentals for the business owners to carry on with their business task.

These companies often rent out the laptops for:

· The trade fairs or seminars

· The companies who wish to carry out the employee training on a regular basis.

The rental companies get involved in the finer customizations

The customizations in a laptop has been seen as one of the most prolific parameter for most of the rental companies who deal with numerous users who wants to use the laptop rentals for the finest customizations that they get from the rental companies.

· Moving further, the rental companies often takes care of the entire setup of the laptop in accordance to the specifications that are laid by the business owner.

· The setup could possibly include the installation of certain specific software that is required for certain businesses which makes them to execute some of the applications with ease.

· The setup along with the required technical support is very well carried by the rental companies along with the Laptop Rental to the user.

The tenure of the rental laptops by the rental companies

· In general, the tenure of the rental laptops by the rental companies do last long and in adherence to the requirements of the potential user.

· In fact, the rental companies have no inclusive binding on the duration of the laptops hire in specific.

Some of the most ardent reasons why laptop rentals are considered beneficial for the users

· The users who are quite often technology geeks who want to explore the newest technology in place.

· For start-up companies who want to instantly start off with an interim software project which requires volume based laptops for the developers, programmers to work upon.

· In the recent years, the rental companies have housed in professional laptop experts who would profoundly test for the various compatibilities in the laptop rentals before dispensing it for the rental tenure; this exercise often makes the users completely relieved from any sort of anomalies at the trade conferences or a convention.

· The laptops which are generally considered for renting comes out with more docking facilities where it can be docked to multiple third parties peripheral devise such as the multi-functional printer, overhead LCD projectors in place.